International IPR agreements are key facilitators of international trade in the globalised economy. In many African countries the absence of a consistent and coherent national policy on intellectual property (IP), which is in line with those international IPR agreements, creates issues. Therefore, AfrIPI will provide technical assistance to interested African countries in preparing for their accession to the international agreements on IP, and benefit from the opportunities offered by such instruments in terms of protection of IP rights. This technical assistance will focus on carrying out a gap analysis, mainly focusing on the assessment of national legislation and its compatibility with the international IP treaty(ies). Collaboration with other relevant stakeholders, such as WIPO, which administers these treaties, will be sought to tap into synergies and avoid duplication.